Boletus edulis is considered the most valuable and most delicious mushroom. It was considered a great luck to find such mushrooms in the forest Buy blue meanies. This species grows in forests that are at least fifty years old.
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However, progress is not standing still and gardeners have figured out how to grow white mushrooms in the country or garden with their own hands.
- In this article we will tell you how to do it step by step at home.
- White mushrooms and conditions for their growth in your country For good growth of white mushrooms need certain conditions .
- Humidity of 60%. In drought conditions, even in the presence of moisture in the soil, the fungus stops growing. Since the body of the fungus is not protected from evaporation, it dries out.
Temperature is important for good growth. Fungal spores can grow at a temperature of +9 degrees, but the optimal temperature for good mushroom growth is a temperature of +19 to +27 degrees. If the weather is
Warm and rainy, the growth of mushrooms will last for 30 days.
- The white mushroom can grow up to 13 cm, and the diameter of the cap of such mushrooms will be 17.5 cm.
- Conditions to plant boletuses in the Backyard Boletus grows in coniferous forests, as well as in birch groves and in places where oaks and aspens grow.
- The roots of these trees have a beneficial effect on the growth of the mycelium. This feature should be taken into account when planting boletuses in the backyard.
- It is necessary to plant a mycelium in the garden in the place where spruce or pine grows.The resin of these trees has an antiseptic effect,
Killing around pathogenic infections. If there are no pine trees in the garden, you can place myceliums next to pine trees. Mushrooms will grow in the garden if you choose the right place away from fruit trees Technology of growing mushrooms in the cellar at home There is no need to create additional lighting for mushroom growth.
Accordingly, they can be easily grown at home in the cellar, if you follow the technology of cultivation. Boletus edulis grown in the basement will differ from mushrooms that have grown in their natural habitat only by hats that have a lighter color. When preparing a room for the growth of boletuses, it is necessary to follow .
These recommendations: the floor, walls and ceiling must be concreted; the walls should be whitewashed with lime with the addition of copper sulfate. This will lead to infection of the mycelium of all kinds of infections; equip additional air ventilation.
The temperature in the basement should be maintained from +12 to +15 degrees; humidity in the basement should be at least 80%. If the humidity is below the required level – create additional moisture; ventilation hatches should be tightened with mosquito nets to prevent insects from entering the basement. It is
Important to prepare a substrate for growing mushrooms. It can consist of sunflower seed husks, dried corn stalks or deciduous sawdust. Dry the substrate well so that there are no signs of mold or rot. Treat it with hot water.
White mushrooms are best grown in boxes filled with substrate. To prepare the substrate you will need: hay; sunflower seed husks; sawdust. Sterilize the substrate and then lay out in layers in boxes. Boxes should be placed on racks at a distance of 7 cm from each other. The mycelium is deepened into the substrate by 5 cm.
The room temperature should be 24 degrees, humidity 88%. At this stage, there is no need to ventilate the room. After the first seedlings, lower the temperature to 10 degrees and start ventilating the room. Watering is carried out twice a day with a sprayer. Water for irrigation should be warm. Turn on the light for six hours a day.
After 21 days you can harvest. Planting with a mycelium If the mycelium was taken in the woods for cultivation on a country site, it should be borne in mind that it should be planted under a tree of the same breed, otherwise it will not take root. In order to plant a mycelium, it is necessary to remove the top layer of soil with a radius of 70 cm from the trunk under the tree. The depth of the removed layer should be 26-28 cm.
The formed recess should be filled with the prepared substrate: soil taken under a tree; leaves and pine needles; bark of the tree under which the mycelium is planted. Growing white mushrooms on an industrial scale Place the mycelium on this mixture and sprinkle it on top with soil mixed with sand and pine needles
, lightly pressed. Then water the soil with a watering can and wait for the first mushrooms. You can also grow mushrooms from hats. To do this, collect the caps of mushrooms with a diameter of 12-14 cm ten pieces. Hats should not be wormy. Next to the tree where the mushrooms were collected also collect: This
will be needed when sowing. Wash the collected hats, place in a bucket of spring water or water collected in the rain for 24 hours. At the end of this time, knead the hats well until smooth. You can grind them
through a sieve. Drain the water separately into a container and prepare the beds. The top layer of soil next to the tree should be loosened, watered with water left over from soaking mushroom caps. After the
moisture is absorbed, you need to evenly spread the ground hats on the surface, sprinkle with soil taken under this tree and pour water on top. The soil must be constantly moderately watered. Water consumption per tree -40 liters. The temperature of the water for irrigation should correspond to the ambient temperature.